|The Great Pyramid of Tepanapa lies
within the town of Cholula, about 3 blocks from the
zócalo. Cholula is about 10 Km west of the city of
Puebla, which is about 110 Km east of Mexico City. Or,
from a pre-Hispanic perspective, Tepanapa is about 100 Km
east of Teotihuacán.
Tepanapa follows a similar chronology to Teotihuacán. Construction began around the time of Christ and the civilization surrounding the pyramid flourished between the 4th and 7th century AD. It was probably within the cultural sphere of Teotihuacán and served as a religous centre. The pyramid was built in several layers and by the 5th it measured 450 meters along each side of the base and was 65 meters high, making it larger in volume than Egypt's Pyramid of Cheops. [Cheops is 230 meters along each edge and 147 meters high.]
Around 600 AD Tepanapa civilization collapsed and the pyramid was taken over by Olmecs and then Toltecs (around 900 AD) and then Aztecs (around 1300 AD). By the time the Spanish arrived the pyramid had been abandoned for several centuries and was overgrown and unrecognizable.
Archaeologists have dug several tunnels into the pyramid, exposing some of the layers of construction. I went through some of these but there's not much to see or photograph. There's also a museum near the site with a cut-away model of the construction, but it was closed when I was there.
|Most of the above was paraphrased from the Lonely Planet Guide to Mexico|
|Tepanapa and Cheops
have very different shapes.
Based on the formula V=1/3 * Area of Base * Height
the Volume of Tepanapa is much greater than that of Cheops.
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